why was the peloponnesian league formed

Only in the case of a religious obligation (e.g. the necessity to observe a particular religious festival) could members refuse participation. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. This pitted the League against Athens, Thebes, Corinth and Persia from 396 to 387 BCE. Unlike other confederacies such as the contemporary Delian League, the Peloponnesian League had no single binding agreement but was, rather, a collection of city-states (poleis) each having negotiated their own terms with dominant Sparta. During the dangerous times of the Peloponnesian War (431 BCE - 404 BCE) against Athens and its allies, though, Sparta did go so far as to impose a military governor (harmost) on its allies. Sparta also directly interfered in the domestic affairs of member states, often promoting rule by an oligarchy favourable to Spartan policy. For full treatment, see Ancient Greek civilization: The Peloponnesian War. The Delian League, founded in 478 BC, was an association of Greek city-states, with the number of members numbering between 150 and 330 under the leadership of Athens, whose purpose was to continue fighting the Persian Empire after the Greek victory in the Battle of Plataea at the end of the Second Persian invasion of. Sparta’s policy of interfering in the government of League members continued with their heavy-handed treatment of both Mantinea in 385 BCE, dividing up its villages, and with war against Phleious 381-379 BCE. Bibliography. Without its dominant leader the League dissolved shortly thereafter. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. However, Sparta over-reached itself in trying to crush long-time rival Thebes. After the Persian Wars, Sparta withdrew from the Hellenic League, reforming the Peloponnesian League with its original allies. Peloponnesian League. Peloponnesian League, also called Spartan Alliance, military coalition of Greek city-states led by Sparta, formed in the 6th century bc. Cartwright, Mark. In his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides lays out the events that precipitated a long, enormously destructive war between the city-states of Athens and Sparta.The war ran from 431BCE to 404BCE with only a few years of intervening peace. Spartan power declined after the defeat at Leuctra (371), and the league disintegrated in 366–365 bc. The Delian League wanted the Peloponnesian treasury moved to Athens. Unlike in the Delian League where Athens compelled members to pay a tribute under any circumstances, the members of the Peloponnesian League had only to contribute militarily when required. The two Leagues eventually came into conflict with each other in the Peloponnesia… The Peloponnesus League (led by Sparta) was formed to strategic alliances between states to build a strong power against the Delian league (led by Athens). Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. With the once powerful Spartan state weakened many took advantage to shift control, including Arcadia who combined to form the Arcadian League. This assembly was led by an ephor and decisions about such matters as military campaigns and new memberships were taken by majority. The Delian League was founded in 478 BCE following the Persian War to be a military alliance against any enemies that might threaten Ionian Greeks. Following victory in the Peloponnesian War against Athens in 404 BCE and the consequent addition of new Aegean allies, Sparta held an even tighter grip on member states and the harmosts were left in place. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The growth of Athens caused a threat to Sparta and was the main reason that Sparta was thinking to fight against Athens. "Peloponnesian League." The Peloponnesian war was fought when and by whom? After reading the packet and filling in the worksheet, determine which 2-3 city-states your city-state would best form an alliance with. In 404 BCE, tired of Elis’ increasing sense of self-importance Sparta campaigned against its old ally and put the city-state in its place by 400 BCE. C. The Peloponnesian League wanted to limit the power of the Delian League. Athens and Sparta had their own alliances; Sparta allied to the Peloponnesian League, while the Athens formed an alliance system which called the Delian League. Cartwright, M. (2016, March 09). Why did Sparta form the Peloponnesian League to oppose Athens? Cartwright, Mark. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Bagnall, R. et al. https://www.ancient.eu/Peloponnesian_League/. The Peloponnesian League (c. 550 BCE - c. 366 BCE) was a loose confederation of Greek city-states led by Sparta. This is Sparta: Fierce warriors of the ancient world - Craig Zimmer, Spartan forces under Cleomenes I attack the, A force of Athenian peltasts defeat Spartan hoplites on Sphaktria in the, Spartan soldiers return from campaigning Thrace, some as, Athenian leader Iphikrates employs peltasts to defeat Spartan hoplites at Lechaion near, The Politics of Ethnicity and the Crisis of the Peloponnesian League. Greeks themselves referred to the association as 'the Lakedaimonians and their allies ' ) under Creative Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike... 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