New Mexico is one of eight states that fund college scholarships through the state lottery. [81] Others, such as Juan Perea, claim that the state was officially bilingual until 1953. Other areas of geographical and scenic interest include Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument and the Gila Wilderness in the southwest of the state. [179] In addition to other general interest theaters, Albuquerque also has the African American Performing Arts Center and Exhibit Hall which showcases achievements by people of African descent[180] and the Indian Pueblo Cultural Center which highlights the cultural heritage of the First Nations people of New Mexico.[181]. In May 2012 Santa Fe became the home of the Santa Fe Fuego of the Pecos League of Professional Baseball Clubs. [144] Front Range Commuter Rail is a project to connect Wyoming and New Mexico with high-speed rail. [89] According to a 2008 survey by the Pew Research Center, the most common self-reported religious affiliation of New Mexico residents are mentioned in reference. [38] Juan de Oñate officially established the name when he was appointed the first governor of the new Province of New Mexico in 1598. In 2010, New Mexico's gross domestic product was $80 billion, and an estimated $85 billion for 2013. [48] Colonel Alexander William Doniphan, under the command of Kearny, recovered ammunition from Santa Fe labeled "Spain 1776" showing both the lack of communications and quality military support New Mexico received under Mexican rule.[19]. [40]:49, The settlement of La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís was established as a more permanent capital at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in 1610. Museums. According to the Census Bureau's 2006 American Community Survey, the racial makeup of the city was 75% White, 2.5% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.4% African American, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 16.9% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. New Mexico is currently the second most dependent tax dollar state.[109]. The Colorado Plateau in the northwest corner of New Mexico is high desert with cold winters, and is characterized by sagebrush, shadescale, greasewood, and other plants adapted to the saline and seleniferous soil. In 1841, a small military and trading expedition set out from Austin, intending to take control of the Santa Fe Trail. Note: Births in table do not add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. Popular day trips in the Santa Fe area include locations such as the town of Taos, about 70 mi (113 km) north of Santa Fe. The state's population grew rapidly after World War II, growing from 531,818 in 1940 to 1,819,046 in 2000. [136]:9, 18, 58–59[137] The Denver & Rio Grande Railway, who would generally use narrow gauge equipment in New Mexico, entered the territory from Colorado and began service to Española on December 31, 1880. [59], As of May 1, 2010, 7.5% of New Mexico's population was reported as under 5 years of age, 25% under 18, and 13% were 65 or older. [11] New Mexico is home to part of the Navajo Nation, 19 federally recognized Pueblo communities of Puebloan peoples, and three different federally recognized Apache tribes. The City of Las Cruces, in southern New Mexico, has a museum system affiliated with the Smithsonian Institution Affiliations Program. Since June 2009, American Eagle has provided regional jet service to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. The judiciary is composed of the New Mexico Supreme Court and lower courts. Its history has given New Mexico the highest percentage of Hispanic and Latino Americans, and the second-highest percentage of Native Americans as a population proportion (after Alaska). Backed by author George R. R. Martin,[54] Meow Wolf opened an elaborate art installation space, called House of Eternal Return, in 2016.[55]. New Mexico (Spanish: Nuevo México [ˈnweβo ˈmexiko] (listen); Navajo: Yootó Hahoodzo [joː˩tʰo˥ ha˩hoː˩tso˩]) is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México (itself established as a province of New Spain in 1598), while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. Szasz, Ferenc M., and Richard W. Etulain, eds. A branch line was completed from Lamy to Santa Fe in 1880. [136]:8 New Mexico's rail transportation system reached its height in terms of length following admission as a state; in 1914 eleven railroads operated 3124 route miles. The writers and artists formed the Old Santa Fe Association and defeated the plan.[28]. Johnson served as a Republican, but in 2012 and 2016, he ran for president from the Libertarian Party. Santa Fe tops the other 50 … About 9.5% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. This rate was higher than any other state in the Union. In 1610, he designated it as the capital of the province, which it has almost constantly remained,[18] making it the oldest state capital in the United States. [57], The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of New Mexico was 2,096,829 on July 1, 2019, a 1.83% increase since the 2010 census. Beginning in June 1942, the Department of Justice arrested 826 Japanese-American men after the attack on Pearl Harbor; they held them near Santa Fe, in a former Civilian Conservation Corps site that had been acquired and expanded for the purpose. SANTA FE, N.M. (The Santa Fe New Mexican) — New Mexico’s capital city is weighing a series of cost-cutting measures to address a budget deficit as tax revenue and other income take a dive. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.90. [53], Santa Fe contains a lively contemporary art scene, with Meow Wolf as its main art collective. Labeled New Mexico Map with Capital. Please contact the food bank that serves your county to be matched up to opportunities close to home. Keres and Zuni are language isolates, and have no relatives outside of New Mexico. In addition, U.S. According to the Köppen climate classification, depending on which variant of the system is used, the city has either a subtropical highland climate (Cfb) or a warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb), unusual but not uncommon at 35°N. One traveller in 1849 wrote: I can hardly imagine how Santa Fe is supported. In 1912, when the town's population was approximately 5,000 people, the city's civic leaders designed and enacted a sophisticated city plan that incorporated elements of the contemporary City Beautiful movement, city planning, and historic preservation. At the conclusion of the Mexican–American War in 1848, the United States annexed New Mexico as the U.S. New Mexico Territory. Because of this, its film industry has grown and contributed $1.23 billion to its overall economy. With an estimated population of 2,096,829 as of the July 1, 2019, U.S. Census Bureau estimate, New Mexico is the 36th largest state by population. A group of native Tewa built a cluster of homes that centered around the site of today's Plaza and spread for half a mile to the south and west; the village was called Oghá P'o'oge in Tewa. Popejoy Hall hosts singers, dancers, Broadway shows, other types of acts, and Shakespeare. US 666, The Devils Highway, was replaced by US 491 in 2003 because the number "666" is the "Number of the Beast". 59 New Mexico Capital $60,000 jobs available in Albuquerque, NM on Indeed.com. Some American visitors at first saw little promise in the remote town. Collegiate athletics in New Mexico involve various New Mexico Lobos and New Mexico State Aggies teams in many sports. Because of the historical isolation of New Mexico from other speakers of the Spanish language, some of the vocabulary of New Mexican Spanish is unknown to other Spanish speakers. The biennials are on par with such renowned exhibitions as the Whitney Biennial and the Venice Biennale. [81] Nonetheless, the constitution does not declare any language as "official". It is perhaps better known now as the home of or exhibition center for large numbers of artists, visual and otherwise. [76] Some speakers of New Mexican Spanish are descendants of Spanish settlers who arrived in New Mexico in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. Santa Fe is the seat of the Santa Fe County, and Javier Gonzales is the mayor. Tourism is a major element of the Santa Fe economy, with visitors attracted year-round by the climate and related outdoor activities (such as skiing in years of adequate snowfall; hiking in other seasons) plus cultural activities of the city and the region. [citation needed]. [58] This is compared with 21.0% of the nation as a whole according to United States Census Bureau 2014 American Community Survey estimates. Rubén Cobos. The New Mexico Rail Runner Express is a commuter rail service operating in Valencia, Bernalillo (including Albuquerque), Sandoval, and Santa Fe Counties. The Apachian zone tucked into the southwestern bootheel of the state has high-calcium soil, oak woodlands, and Arizona cypress, and other plants that are not found in other parts of the state. He began the Santa Fe Fiesta in 1919 and the Southwest Indian Fair in 1922 (now known as the Indian Market). While registered Democrats outnumber registered Republicans by nearly 200,000, New Mexico voters have favored moderate to conservative candidates of both parties at the state and federal levels. The population density was 1,666.1 people per square mile (643.4/km2). [51], During World War II, the first atomic bombs were designed and manufactured at Los Alamos, a site developed by the federal government specifically to support a high-intensity scientific effort to rapidly complete research and testing of this weapon. This is an ancient sun symbol of a Native American people called the Zia. GRT is imposed by the state and there may an additional locality component to produce a total tax rate. New Mexico received its name long before the present-day nation of Mexico won independence from Spain and adopted that name in 1821. [98] The Permian and San Juan Basins, which are located partly in New Mexico, account for some of these natural resources. [citation needed]. Canyon Road, east of the Plaza, has the highest concentration of art galleries in the city, and is a major destination for international collectors, tourists and locals. The taxable value of property is 1/3 of the assessed value. By the 20th century the Santa Fe River was a seasonal waterway. Larger cities in New Mexico typically have some form of public transportation by road; ABQ RIDE is the largest such system in the state. 2008. [45] Other post offices in the Santa Fe city limits include Coronado,[46] De Vargas Mall,[47] and Santa Fe Place Mall. The railroads essentially replaced the earlier trails but brought on a population boom. During the 1940s, Project Y of the Manhattan Project developed and built the country's first atomic bomb and nuclear test, Trinity. 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